Children require special attention in terms of health care and medicine. This is because young ones tend to be irritable, restless, and are typically apprehensive of health care workers such as nurses and doctors. It is therefore important that members of the health care team are well-trained in attending to the unique needs of young ones.
Orthopedic surgery is one of the most complex and challenging branch of medicine as it deals with a huge system composed of bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles. Patients who have problems with any of these are likely in great pain or are unable to move normally since the musculoskeletal system is responsible for mobility and flexibility. Add that to a fearful child who will throw a tantrum even at the sight sight of a doctor, medical goals suddenly becoming seemingly impossible to meet.
A pediatric orthopedic surgeon is well-trained and adept in dealing with orthopedic patients who are younger in age. Infants, children, and adolescents who are suffering from musculoskeletal injury or disease are referred to these surgeons be it congenital, traumatic, or degenerative in nature.
Pediatric orthopedists specialize in treating congenital musculoskeletal conditions like cerebral palsy, spina bifida, and scoliosis. Cerebral palsy is usually addressed by giving physical therapy and programs that help the patient maximize his ability to move and ambition properly. Assistive devices are typically prescribed for patients having this condition. Meanwhile, spina bifida is a type of orthopedic bacterial defect that affects a child's bladder and bowel ability. More severe cases of this defect can be corrected with surgery. Scoliosis, on the other hand is a faulty curvature of the spinal which can be detected in adolescents and is treated with physical therapy and corrective devices such as braces.
Aside from the aphasoid congenital orthopedic problems which are only a few of many, pediatric orthopedic surgeons also specialize in treating musculoskeletal injuries from trauma. Children and adolescents like to engage in active play and sports which makes them prone to falling and other types of accidents. Both nonsurgical and surgical procedures can be carried out by any pediatric orthopedic surgeon. For instance, pediatric patients may be brought to the hospital for a twisted ankle. If the case is identified to be more serious than a minor sprain or strain that can be treated with rest, ice, compression and elevation, they will be referred to an orthopedist for further evaluation. Severe fractures are usually surgically treated, while subtler ones can be managed with manual manipulation to minimize fracture, and pharmacologic therapy to treat pain and inflammation. Doctors may also order the use of assistive devices such as crutches to reduce the weight pushed against the affected ankle.
These are only some examples of the procedures that can be done by pediatric orthopedic surgeons. The special skill possessed by this type of orthopedists is aimed towards winning the trust of vulnerable patients like kids and adolescents who do not usually feel at ease around the hospital due to their fear of pain and blood. This skill is essential in order to render quality care and facilitate the recovery of patients.